Gum and Bone - Periodontal West Side Columbus

Periodontics is that specialty of dentistry that encompasses the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth. This includes Dental Crowns, Dental Implants, or other substitutes and the maintenance of the health, function and aesthetics of all of the structures and tissues. In its early stages, it is called gingivitis. Its later, more serious stage is known as periodontitis. Unless treated, the affected teeth become loose and may fall out or must be removed by a dentist.

Periodontal disease is the major cause of tooth loss among the elderly. Ill-fitting dentures or bridges, poor diets, poor oral hygiene, other medical diseases, and even some medications can increase the severity of gum disease. Periodontal disease progresses slowly over a long period of time, which is why it is common among older adults. The longer periodontal disease is not detected, the more destruction occurs. However, in its early stages, periodontal disease can be reversed.

Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious diseases that result in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. In the worst cases, teeth are lost.

The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Any type of treatment requires that the patient keep up good daily care at home. Additionally, modifying certain behaviors, such as quitting tobacco use, might also be suggested as a way to improve treatment outcome.

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